West Dinajpur District was created out of the erstwhile Dinajpur district in 1947 at the time
of partition of India. The rest of the Dinajpur district is now in Bangladesh. The West Dinajpur
district was enlarged in 1956 at the time of reorganisation of the State with the additionof
some areas of Bihar. The district was bifurcated into Uttar Dinajpurand Dakshin Dinajpur on 01.04.1992.
The erstwhile Balurghat Sub-Division along with Banshihari and Kushmandi Blocks (which were in Raigunj
Sub-Division prior to the bifurcation) comprise the new district.
The district is drained by a number of North-South flowing river like Atreyee, Punarbhaba, Tangon and Brahmani. It is predominantly an agricultural district with large area of land being under cultivation.
Dakshin Dinajpur is a "Non Industry" district having no large scale industry. The first industry in medium scale sector got off to a start in the district in November, 2003. Transport and Communication facilities are not very satisfactory.New railway line has been laid between Eklakhi and Balurghat, the district headquarter. Train services has been started on 30.12.2004. There is one State Highway with only 3 KM of National Highway no. 34 falling within the district. Bengali is the principal language of the district. The principal communities are Hindus and Muslims and they constitute the major portion of the population.
.Geographical Area - 2162 sq km
i)26 deg 35' 15" N
ii)25 deg 10' 55" N
i)89 deg 00' 30" E
ii)87 deg 48' 37" E
.Sub-Divisions : 2 (two)
1. Balurghat (Sadar) Sub-Division.
2.Gangarampur at Buniadpur.
.Blocks : 8 (Eight)
No of Municipality : 2
(i)Wards in Balurghat Municipality : 23
(ii)Population in Balurghat Municipality : 1,35,737
(i).Wards in Gangarampur Municipality: 18
(ii).Gangarampur Municipality : 53,533
1.Male : 770335
2.Female : 732843
TOTAL = 15,03,178
[SC 28.78% and S.T. 16.12%]
1.Balurghat : 2,28,736
2.Hili : 77,250
3.Kumarganj : 1,53,042
4.Tapan : 2,26,136
5.Gangarampur: : 2,05,540
6.Banshihari : 1,22,091
7.Kushmandi : 1,75,086
8. Harirampur : 1,24,927
1.Balurghat Municipality : 1,35,737
2.Gangarampur Municipality : 53,533
Literacy : 64.50% [Male 75.30% Female 55.10%]
.SC: Male 45.72%, Female 10.06%
.ST: Male 24.42% Female 9.10%
1. No. of primary School : 1190
2.No. of SSK : 531
3.No. of MSK : 39
4.No. of Jr. High School : 03
5.No. of High School : 82
6.No. of Higher Secondary School : 64
7.No. of senior Madrasa : 12
8.No. of Junior Madrasa : 04
9.No of College : 04
10.No. of B-Ed College : 01
11.No. of Law College : 01
12.No. of ITI : 01
13.No. of NCLP School : 40
14.No. of CEC : 532
14.No. of NCEC : 39
15.No. of public Library : 65
1.District Hospital : 01[No. of beds=320]
2.Police Hospital : 01[No. of beds=20]
3.Municipal Hospital : 01[No. of beds=12. This will be Increased to 35]
4.Primary Health Centres : 19
5.Block primary health Centres :06[No. of beds at each BPHC=15 at 4 BPHC 20 at 2 BPHC]
6.Rural Hospital : 01
7.Sub-Divisional Hospital : 01 [At Gangarampur= No. of beds=170 Sanctioned=250]
1.Geographical area : 2,21,480 Ha.
2.area available for Cultivation : 175620 Ha.
3.Fallow land : 1.24 Ha.
4.Land not available for Cultivation : 26,513
5.Cropping intensity : 183%
6.Area under high yielding variety seed(paddy) : 26,125
Rivers and Streams
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