Dakshin Dinajpur

i  t  e  r  a  c  y     S  e  c  t  o  r

Literacy movement in Dakshin Dinajpur started in the year 1993. It was decided that total  literacy campaign would be launched in the district to eradicate illiteracy of the people belonging to the age group of 8+ to 40 years. A survey was conducted in each Block and Municipal area. The extensive Block & Municipality wise survey found the number of target illiterate population as 3,83,990. A total of 31,482 learning centres were opened all over the district. Out of 3,83,990 illiterates  identified by local survey, 2,20,251 were enrolled and made literate through TLC.

The plan for Post Literacy Programme was approved by NLM in 1998. Learning centres for Post Literacy Programme were opened in January, 2000. Total numbers of learners enrolled were 75,326. The left-out learners and drop-outs were motivated and enrolled in the TLC side by the side of PLC. Out of 75,326 learners of PLP enrolled, 39,379 passed in external evaluations held on 24.2.2001 conducted by SRC Orissa & DDZSSS (Dakshin Dinajpur Zilla Sarbik Saskharata Samity).

Impact>>   Literacy movement influenced the life of the people in various ways directly and indirectly. Enrollment in Pre-school increased by 26000+ than usual increase of 11% per year in the year 1998 & 99. This has become a common feature in subsequent years. Tremendous response were observed during immunization programme in the district due to health awareness created through TLC/PLC. A positive attitude towards education has built up among the people of the district. Awareness about the utility and scope of the education has  increased among the people of backward classes specially Women, SC, ST and Minority communities.

PRESENT CONDITION OF LITERACY MOVEMENT

Now that the post literacy campaign is going to be over and the neo-literates have been duly evaluated, it is now imperative to chalk out a programme, implementation of which will enable the neo-literates to go ahead with their newly acquired knowledge and other information of every day life towards achieving overall enlightment.

It is a matter great concern that there are large pools of illiteracy in various area of the district after completion of Total literacy campaign and Post Literacy Programmes. Out of 3,83,990 illiterates identified by local survey only 2,20,251 were enrolled and only 75,325 made literate through TLC.Similarly out of 75,325 number of PLP learner enrolled only 39,379 passed in evaluations held on 24.2.2001. The figure indicates that substantial number of learners remained outside the scope of literacy activity even after the campaign due to variety of reasons. As the period of TLC & PLP was extended from 1993 to 2001. Naturally, the fact of addition of new illiterate learners to above number should be kept in mind. These segments of residual illiteracy have to be addressed effectively. At present the district  literacy average is 64.46%, whereas national literacy average stands at 65%.


Future Perspective

As the total literacy campaign and post literacy programme is going to be completed,the need is felt to create further learning opportunities for the people of limited literacy.In our district the following number of neo-literates / limited literate are expected to be covered under continuing Education Programme...

No. of neo-literates successfully completed TLC 75,326
No. of left out and drop out from TLC 1,44,925
No. of limited literates who passed out from primary school but could not continue through formal Education System(since 1994) 20,000
No. of limited/semi-literates who dropped out from Primary Schools(since 1994) 15,000
Total 2,55,251(approx)

As per the provisional report of Census 2001, shows that the total population in our district is 15,02,647. Hence, in the broad sense the target population is same as indicated above.

Though special emphasis would be given for upgrading the above Neo-literate and illiterates in different ways, DDZSSS has submitted a proposal for continuing educations to National Literacy Mission and an early approval from NLM is expected. Along with Continuing Education programme a separate project to address the segment of residual illiteracy can also be taken up.

Continuing Education Programme>> The scheme will be implemented in a phased manner and shall cover a period of 5 years. CEC will be opened all over the district & obviously the number of CEC will be less in Urban/Municipal areas than in rural areas.

LITERACY RATE

According to the Census 2001 the overall literacy rate of this district situated in the remote part of the state is inspiring in comparison to literacy at state level. The following chart will show the actual picture.

Literacy-1
  Total literacy rate Male Female
Dakshin Dinajpur 64.46 73.3 55.12
West Bengal 69.22 77.58 60.22